What is Cadamba Tree?
The Cadamba tree, which has the scientific name Neolamarckia cadamba is a fast growing tree that can be planted in the Philippines. It has English names laran, Leichhardt pine, and burflower tree. It is known as kadam tree in India. The Cadamba tree, like Falcata, is an evergreen tree found in Southeast Asia. The suitability of its wood in making quality timber and wood pulp source for paper making is gaining reputation and is a selected tree specie for tree plantations. OTher characteristics found in Cadamba tree include: has a scented orange flowers in dense globe-shaped clusters which can be turned into perfumes and can be made as cattle feed for livestock such as cattle.
The wood is yellowish when not yet dried, with the following properties: straight grain; low luster; density of 290 to 560 kilogram per cubic meter at 15 percent moisture content, with fine-medium texture; and odourless/ tasteless. The wood is workable, with either machine or hand tools. The wood is easy to nail. The Cadamba tree timber can be air-dried for fast drying with little or no shrinking.
Why Cadamba Tree is Better than Falcata?
- The Cadamba tree when grown in the Philippines can have a yearly growth in trunk diameter around 10cm
- Considerably shorter growing period of 4 to 5 years for timber and plywood
- The Cadamba tree is self pruning and therefore needs less management
Business Oppurtunities in Cadamaba Tree Planting in the Philippines
Seeds and Seedlings Pricing
At a whooping price of Php 20,000 per kilogram, the seeds are very lucrative proposition to grow your own tree. The cost is high, considering the tree is still being introduced to Filipinos, but has a great growing potential. The seedlings, when planted and grown correctly can be sold at Php 50.00 to Php 60.00 each. Having a sale of 300 seedlings, a seedling grower of Cadamba tree can profit Php 15,000.00.
Given an initial investment of 500 pieces of Cadamba seedlings on a hectare of land, each seedling would cost 50 pesos plus any delivery cost. Planting will also incur labor cost. The spacing will be 5 by 4 meters to provide enough room for each Cadamba tree. Too less space can make the canopy of each tree overlap, preventing the rapid growth. After the 1st cycle, the estimated profit is Php935,000.00 inclusive of the initial investment expense. The 1st cycle is 5 years from time of planting.
There is still a 2nd cycle, which is 3 to 4 years after the 1st cycle. This involves the coppicing tree trunk from the cut trees. The rate of growth is fast, and can be a bonus 2nd harvest. The Cadamba tree gross income on the 2nd cycle can reach Php960,000.00 giving the tree plantation an income of Php1,895,000.00 in 8 to 9 years for a hectare of land.